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ILSI North America's Assembly on Scientific Integrity

Scientific Integrity: A forever journey

Scientific integrity is a core value of ILSI North America and is paramount to the vitality of the tripartite model under which we operate.  For the past 10 years, ILSI North America has been a recognized leader in addressing issues of conflict of interest and public-private partnerships through our work with federal agencies and scientific professional societies. Now the focus is on scientific integrity through scientific excellence.

Presentation at the World Conference on Research Integrity

Mapping of Scientific Integrity Work in the United States
Leads to a Set of Principles

Areas of Work

Scientific Integrity

In October 2016, ILSI North America published a “Scientific integrity resource guide: Efforts by federal agencies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, professional societies, and academia in the United States” in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.  This resource guide lays out the work being done in 5 different sectors on scientific integrity. The manuscript will be a living document and will be updated twice a year on the ILSI North America website.

Read the Scientific Integrity Resource Guide

Public-Private Partnerships
Scientific Advisory Panels
Research Quality & Funding
Guiding Principles

Conflict of Interest Policy

An internal conflict of interest policy has been developed to reinforce and strengthen ILSI North America’s existing code of ethics and was adopted by the ILSI North America Board of Trustees. The policy has been disseminated broadly so that all those working with ILSI North America have a clear understanding of our standards. Read the Conflict of Interest Policy here. Read the Conflict of Interest Policy here.

Who is Involved?

The Assembly on Scientific Integrity includes: members of the ILSI North America Board of Trustees, all member companies of ILSI North America, and the ILSI North America Canadian Advisory Committee.

Publications

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Abstract: Scientific integrity is at the forefront of the scientific research enterprise. This paper provides an overview of key existing efforts on scientific integrity by federal agencies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, professional societies, and academia from 1989 to April 2016. It serves as a resource for the scientific community on scientific integrity work and helps to identify areas in which more action is needed. Overall, there is tremendous activity in this area and there are clear linkages among the efforts of the five sectors. All the same, scientific integrity needs to remain visible in the scientific community and evolve along with new research paradigms. High priority in instilling these values falls upon all stakeholders.

Download the Resource Guide

Updates to the Scientific Integrity Resource Guide

As part of the publication of this work, ILSI North America committed to keeping the “Resource Guide” a living document by creating a page on the ILSI North America website to post additional and new work on scientific integrity in the 5 different sectors twice a year.

Federal Agencies

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)

Following the release of the OSTP Memorandum on Scientific Integrity in 2010 that provides guidance for federal agencies to develop scientific integrity policies, OSTP tasked the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI) to review the scientific integrity policies of the 24 Federal agencies that complied with the Memorandum. OSTP also asked STPI to identify potential good practices for meeting or exceeding the principles identified in the OSTP Memorandum and to suggest ways of strengthening the policies to reflect current interests and developments. The report of STPI’s work, Review of Federal Agency Policies on Scientific Integrity, was released in January 2017. https://www.ida.org/idamedia/Corporate/Files/Publications/STPIPubs/2016/D-8305.ashx

US Department of Health and Human Services Office of Research Integrity (HHS ORI)

HHS ORI includes a list of new work on their website. Since the Resource Guide was submitted for publication, ORI has updated its list of research misconduct findings, updated their Learning Module on Plagiarism, and updated the Basic Research Concepts Module. ORI's Extramural Program awarded five research grants and five conference grants in FY2016.  ORI released 12 new infographics on topics related to the responsible conduct of research (RCR) and the handling of research misconduct and released new video case studies on research misconduct. For a full list of recent work, visit: https://ori.hhs.gov/ori-updates

US Department of Agriculture (USDA)

In November 2016, USDA released its new Scientific Integrity policies by releasing Departmental Regulation 1074-001 ("Scientific Integrity"). The DR supersedes previous guidelines on scientific integrity released by USDA and, “establishes the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Scientific Integrity Policy and provides instruction and guidance to Departmental leadership and employees to ensure the highest level of integrity in all aspects of the Department’s and USDA agencies’ involvement with scientific and technological processes, research, analyses, and products.  This DR includes instructions and guidance for decision makers as they develop public policies that are informed by science relevant to food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, and related issues.  This DR is intended to instill public confidence in USDA research and science-based public policymaking by articulating the principles of scientific integrity and the roles and responsibilities of all USDA employees, including career staff and political appointees, in upholding these principles.”  https://www.ocio.usda.gov/sites/default/files/docs/2012/Final%20-%20DR%201074-001%20Scientific%20Integrity.pdf

USDA also issued USDA Departmental Manual 1074-001 ("Procedures for Responding to Allegations of Compromised Scientific Integrity"). The new DR and DM, along with other resources on scientific integrity, research misconduct, policy, and reporting of allegations of compromised scientific integrity and research misconduct involving USDA conducted or supported scientific and technological activities are now available in one place on the USDA website: https://www.usda.gov/our-agency/staff-offices/office-chief-scientist-ocs/scientific-integrity-and-research-misconduct

USDA has also created a website of Scientific Integrity Resources that includes links to the White House Memoranda and Executive Orders and the many Federal Department and Agency Scientific Integrity Policies, as well as links to the General Services Administration Guidance on Scientific Integrity and the Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012.

Professional Soceities

American Society for Microbiology (ASM)

The American Academy of Microbiology, as part of the American Society for Microbiology, published, A Framework for Improving the Quality of Research in the Biological Sciences, in July/August 2016. The publication outlines a colloquium convened by the American Academy of Microbiology, “to discuss problems in the biological sciences, with emphasis on identifying mechanisms to improve the quality of research. Participants from various disciplines made six recommendations: (i) design rigorous and comprehensive evaluation criteria to recognize and reward high-quality scientific research; (ii) require universal training in good scientific practices, appropriate statistical usage, and responsible research practices for scientists at all levels, with training content regularly updated and presented by qualified scientists; (iii) establish open data at the timing of publication as the standard operating procedure throughout the scientific enterprise; (iv) encourage scientific journals to publish negative data that meet methodologic standards of quality; (v) agree upon common criteria among scientific journals for retraction of published papers, to provide consistency and transparency; and (vi) strengthen research integrity oversight and training. These recommendations constitute an actionable framework that, in combination, could improve the quality of biological research.” http://mbio.asm.org/content/7/4/e01256-16.abstract

Nonprofit organizations

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine published a report, Fostering Integrity in Research, in April 2017. The report was published by the Committee on Responsible Science and the Committee on Science, Engineering, Medicine, and Public Policy. It examines challenges to scientific integrity facing the research enterprise and recommends steps that individual scientists, research sponsors, research institutions, journal publishers, and professional societies should take to meet these challenges and better protect integrity in research.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable held a meeting in early 2017 on, “Examining the Mistrust of Science.” The meeting was convened with the intent to consider the trends in public opinion of science, examine potential sources of mistrust both internal and external to the science community, and explore the ways in which cross-sector collaboration between government, universities, and industry may improve public trust in science and scientific institutions in the future. http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/guirr/PGA_177700#

The Sackler Colloquium on Reproducibility of Research: Issues and Proposed Remedies was held in March 2017. The goal of this colloquium was to bring together scientists and researchers from multiple disciplines to lay out the scope of the problem of reproducibility in a more tactical way that permits each problematic aspect to be measured, assessed for baseline levels, targeted with proposed interventions to reduce the occurrence, and monitored for improvement.

Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS)

As stated on its website, the Union of Concerned Scientists, “puts rigorous, independent science to work to solve our planet’s most pressing problems. Joining with citizens across the country, we combine technical analysis and effective advocacy to create innovative, practical solutions for a healthy, safe, and sustainable future.” (http://www.ucsusa.org/about-us#.WPDkYtLys2w)

In 2004, UCS issued a report, Scientific Integrity in Federal Policy Making, and a statement signed by 62 leading U.S. scientists (more than 15,000 would eventually add their names) calling for an end to political interference in science. Over the following years, the UCS Scientific Integrity Program documented the problem extensively with in-depth reports, case studies, and surveys of federal scientists, including a compilation of Abuse of Science: Case Studies and Surveys of Scientists at Federal Agencies.

Most recently, UCS has released a report on, Preserving Scientific Integrity in Federal Policymaking, in 2017.

Academia

Center for Clinical Research Ethics (CCRE), Washington University in St. Louis and Saint Louis University

“Dr. Alison Antes, Assistant Director of CCRE and Assistant Professor in the Division of General Medical Sciences at Washington University School of Medicine, received a K01 career development grant from the National Human Genome Research Institute that will allow Dr. Antes to, ‘develop a program that focuses on the management and leadership practices of researchers as they relate to integrity and societal impact in genomic research. The purpose of this research is to understand the challenges and needs of genomic researchers with regard to these issues focusing in particular on management practices and leadership practices employed by researchers in navigating issues of research integrity and the societal impact of their work. In the first phase of this research, we will conduct semi-structured interviews with a national sample of federally-funded researchers nominated as exemplars of professionalism and integrity to identify the management and leadership practices they employ to foster integrity and impact in their research. In a second phase, we will survey a national sample of genomic scientists regarding the management and leadership practices identified in the interviews. We will ask researchers to report on the management and leadership practices they utilize, their confidence in performing each practice, and their interest in training or support materials. In the third phase of this research, we will conduct focus groups with researchers to understand their preferences regarding types of programs and messages about tailored management and leadership programs for scientists. Next, we will develop messages and test their appeal among with researchers using a survey. These findings will facilitate effective messaging about future initiatives to encourage the participation of researchers. This research will lay the groundwork for future research and practical resources and tools to assist researchers with meeting the various ethical, legal, and social demands of their work, thereby contributing to the quality, integrity, and social impact of genomic science.” http://ethicsresearchcore.org/home/spotlight/

Please help keep this document current by pointing out areas that need to be expanded or updated or additional organizations that should be included. Please send comments or suggestions to ilsina@ilsi.org with the subject line “Scientific Integrity.”

Last updated May 2017

Citation: Kretser, A., Murphy, D., & Dwyer, J. (2017). Scientific integrity resource guide: Efforts by federal agencies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, professional societies, and academia in the United States. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 57(1), 163–180. http://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2016.1221794

This publication is part of ILSI North America’s work on Scientific Integrity.

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Abstract: Scientific integrity is at the forefront of the scientific research enterprise. This paper provides an overview of key existing efforts on scientific integrity by federal agencies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, professional societies, and academia from 1989 to April 2016. It serves as a resource for the scientific community on scientific integrity work and helps to identify areas in which more action is needed. Overall, there is tremendous activity in this area and there are clear linkages among the efforts of the five sectors. All the same, scientific integrity needs to remain visible in the scientific community and evolve along with new research paradigms. High priority in instilling these values falls upon all stakeholders.

Download the Resource Guide

Updates to the Scientific Integrity Resource Guide

As part of the publication of this work, ILSI North America committed to keeping the “Resource Guide” a living document by creating a page on the ILSI North America website to post additional and new work on scientific integrity in the 5 different sectors twice a year.

Federal Agencies

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)

Following the release of the OSTP Memorandum on Scientific Integrity in 2010 that provides guidance for federal agencies to develop scientific integrity policies, OSTP tasked the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI) to review the scientific integrity policies of the 24 Federal agencies that complied with the Memorandum. OSTP also asked STPI to identify potential good practices for meeting or exceeding the principles identified in the OSTP Memorandum and to suggest ways of strengthening the policies to reflect current interests and developments. The report of STPI’s work, Review of Federal Agency Policies on Scientific Integrity, was released in January 2017. https://www.ida.org/idamedia/Corporate/Files/Publications/STPIPubs/2016/D-8305.ashx

US Department of Health and Human Services Office of Research Integrity (HHS ORI)

HHS ORI includes a list of new work on their website. Since the Resource Guide was submitted for publication, ORI has updated its list of research misconduct findings, updated their Learning Module on Plagiarism, and updated the Basic Research Concepts Module. ORI's Extramural Program awarded five research grants and five conference grants in FY2016.  ORI released 12 new infographics on topics related to the responsible conduct of research (RCR) and the handling of research misconduct and released new video case studies on research misconduct. For a full list of recent work, visit: https://ori.hhs.gov/ori-updates

US Department of Agriculture (USDA)

In November 2016, USDA released its new Scientific Integrity policies by releasing Departmental Regulation 1074-001 ("Scientific Integrity"). The DR supersedes previous guidelines on scientific integrity released by USDA and, “establishes the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Scientific Integrity Policy and provides instruction and guidance to Departmental leadership and employees to ensure the highest level of integrity in all aspects of the Department’s and USDA agencies’ involvement with scientific and technological processes, research, analyses, and products.  This DR includes instructions and guidance for decision makers as they develop public policies that are informed by science relevant to food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, and related issues.  This DR is intended to instill public confidence in USDA research and science-based public policymaking by articulating the principles of scientific integrity and the roles and responsibilities of all USDA employees, including career staff and political appointees, in upholding these principles.”  https://www.ocio.usda.gov/sites/default/files/docs/2012/Final%20-%20DR%201074-001%20Scientific%20Integrity.pdf

USDA also issued USDA Departmental Manual 1074-001 ("Procedures for Responding to Allegations of Compromised Scientific Integrity"). The new DR and DM, along with other resources on scientific integrity, research misconduct, policy, and reporting of allegations of compromised scientific integrity and research misconduct involving USDA conducted or supported scientific and technological activities are now available in one place on the USDA website: https://www.usda.gov/our-agency/staff-offices/office-chief-scientist-ocs/scientific-integrity-and-research-misconduct

USDA has also created a website of Scientific Integrity Resources that includes links to the White House Memoranda and Executive Orders and the many Federal Department and Agency Scientific Integrity Policies, as well as links to the General Services Administration Guidance on Scientific Integrity and the Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012.

Professional Soceities

American Society for Microbiology (ASM)

The American Academy of Microbiology, as part of the American Society for Microbiology, published, A Framework for Improving the Quality of Research in the Biological Sciences, in July/August 2016. The publication outlines a colloquium convened by the American Academy of Microbiology, “to discuss problems in the biological sciences, with emphasis on identifying mechanisms to improve the quality of research. Participants from various disciplines made six recommendations: (i) design rigorous and comprehensive evaluation criteria to recognize and reward high-quality scientific research; (ii) require universal training in good scientific practices, appropriate statistical usage, and responsible research practices for scientists at all levels, with training content regularly updated and presented by qualified scientists; (iii) establish open data at the timing of publication as the standard operating procedure throughout the scientific enterprise; (iv) encourage scientific journals to publish negative data that meet methodologic standards of quality; (v) agree upon common criteria among scientific journals for retraction of published papers, to provide consistency and transparency; and (vi) strengthen research integrity oversight and training. These recommendations constitute an actionable framework that, in combination, could improve the quality of biological research.” http://mbio.asm.org/content/7/4/e01256-16.abstract

Nonprofit organizations

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine published a report, Fostering Integrity in Research, in April 2017. The report was published by the Committee on Responsible Science and the Committee on Science, Engineering, Medicine, and Public Policy. It examines challenges to scientific integrity facing the research enterprise and recommends steps that individual scientists, research sponsors, research institutions, journal publishers, and professional societies should take to meet these challenges and better protect integrity in research.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable held a meeting in early 2017 on, “Examining the Mistrust of Science.” The meeting was convened with the intent to consider the trends in public opinion of science, examine potential sources of mistrust both internal and external to the science community, and explore the ways in which cross-sector collaboration between government, universities, and industry may improve public trust in science and scientific institutions in the future. http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/guirr/PGA_177700#

The Sackler Colloquium on Reproducibility of Research: Issues and Proposed Remedies was held in March 2017. The goal of this colloquium was to bring together scientists and researchers from multiple disciplines to lay out the scope of the problem of reproducibility in a more tactical way that permits each problematic aspect to be measured, assessed for baseline levels, targeted with proposed interventions to reduce the occurrence, and monitored for improvement.

Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS)

As stated on its website, the Union of Concerned Scientists, “puts rigorous, independent science to work to solve our planet’s most pressing problems. Joining with citizens across the country, we combine technical analysis and effective advocacy to create innovative, practical solutions for a healthy, safe, and sustainable future.” (http://www.ucsusa.org/about-us#.WPDkYtLys2w)

In 2004, UCS issued a report, Scientific Integrity in Federal Policy Making, and a statement signed by 62 leading U.S. scientists (more than 15,000 would eventually add their names) calling for an end to political interference in science. Over the following years, the UCS Scientific Integrity Program documented the problem extensively with in-depth reports, case studies, and surveys of federal scientists, including a compilation of Abuse of Science: Case Studies and Surveys of Scientists at Federal Agencies.

Most recently, UCS has released a report on, Preserving Scientific Integrity in Federal Policymaking, in 2017.

Academia

Center for Clinical Research Ethics (CCRE), Washington University in St. Louis and Saint Louis University

“Dr. Alison Antes, Assistant Director of CCRE and Assistant Professor in the Division of General Medical Sciences at Washington University School of Medicine, received a K01 career development grant from the National Human Genome Research Institute that will allow Dr. Antes to, ‘develop a program that focuses on the management and leadership practices of researchers as they relate to integrity and societal impact in genomic research. The purpose of this research is to understand the challenges and needs of genomic researchers with regard to these issues focusing in particular on management practices and leadership practices employed by researchers in navigating issues of research integrity and the societal impact of their work. In the first phase of this research, we will conduct semi-structured interviews with a national sample of federally-funded researchers nominated as exemplars of professionalism and integrity to identify the management and leadership practices they employ to foster integrity and impact in their research. In a second phase, we will survey a national sample of genomic scientists regarding the management and leadership practices identified in the interviews. We will ask researchers to report on the management and leadership practices they utilize, their confidence in performing each practice, and their interest in training or support materials. In the third phase of this research, we will conduct focus groups with researchers to understand their preferences regarding types of programs and messages about tailored management and leadership programs for scientists. Next, we will develop messages and test their appeal among with researchers using a survey. These findings will facilitate effective messaging about future initiatives to encourage the participation of researchers. This research will lay the groundwork for future research and practical resources and tools to assist researchers with meeting the various ethical, legal, and social demands of their work, thereby contributing to the quality, integrity, and social impact of genomic science.” http://ethicsresearchcore.org/home/spotlight/

Please help keep this document current by pointing out areas that need to be expanded or updated or additional organizations that should be included. Please send comments or suggestions to ilsina@ilsi.org with the subject line “Scientific Integrity.”

Last updated May 2017

Citation: Kretser, A., Murphy, D., & Dwyer, J. (2017). Scientific integrity resource guide: Efforts by federal agencies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, professional societies, and academia in the United States. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 57(1), 163–180. http://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2016.1221794

This publication is part of ILSI North America’s work on Scientific Integrity.

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Past Events

Conflict of Interest Summit

Washington, DC, USA

A public unveiling was held at the National Academy of Sciences on 16 June 2015 of the set of principles for research public-private partnerships that were agreed upon and endorsed by 4 federal agencies and 5 nutrition, food science, and food safety professional societies.

Read more

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